Sefarad, Vol 71, No 2 (2011)

Notas masoréticas en tres comentarios atribuidos a Raší


https://doi.org/10.3989/sefarad.011.008

Lea Himmelfarb
Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Resumen


Partiendo de la versión del comentario de Raší a tres pasajes bíblicos (De 33:23, Is 14:11 y Ez 17:9) contenida en las Mikra ̓ot Gedolot ‘Haketer’, la autora revisa la transmisión del texto de dichos comentarios desde los manuscritos medievales a las ediciones impresas. Mediante el análisis de su significado y aduciendo las notas masoréticas contenidas en las adiciones, y que había sido atribuido (Meyuḥas) a Raší, la autora demuestra que dicha atribución puede ser errónea y no corresponde a los comentarios originales de este autor. En los dos primeros pasajes estudiados, se muestra cómo el comentarista había empleado la nota de la masora como instrumento de interpretación. En primer lugar, cita la Masora Magna para apoyar su afirmación de que la forma inusual de ירְָשָֽׁה (De 33:23) estuviera en imperativo. En segundo lugar, partiendo de una nota masorética, el comentarista aducía que la palabra נבְָלֶ֑יך (Is 14:11), que aparece en esta forma dentro de la Biblia en dos ocasiones, puede tener dos significados. En el tercer caso, la nota masorética carece de contenido interpretativo, y señala, en realidad, el hecho de que todas las letras del alefato aparezcan en Ez 17:9.

Palabras clave


masora; Raší; Mikra ̓ot Gedolot ‘Haketer’; comentario bíblico; Deuteronomio 33:23; Isaías 14:11; Ezequiel 17:9

Texto completo:


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