Sefarad, Vol 75, No 2 (2015)

Antijudaísmo teológico en Gregorio Magno


https://doi.org/10.3989/sefarad.015.008

Rodrigo Laham Cohen
Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina

Resumen


El uso de tópicos antijudíos por parte de los hombres de Iglesia del primer milenio ha suscitado debates en torno a las razones que motivaron tal práctica discursiva. Una línea de investigación enfatizó la existencia de un conflicto real entre judíos y cristianos, hecho que habría derivado en la constitución de la literatura Adversus Iudaeos. En contraste, otra posición hizo hincapié en aspectos discursivos, resaltando la necesidad cristiana de autodefinición en oposición a la matriz judía y confinando el antijudaísmo a cuestiones estrictamente textuales e identitarias distantes del contexto social inmediato. La figura de Gregorio Magno, gracias a la gran variabilidad textual que presenta su obra, otorga una herramienta fundamental a la hora de comprender las dinámicas del antijudaísmo cristiano. En este artículo se exploran todos los escritos gregorianos, mediante un estudio cualitativo y cuantitativo, poniéndose de releve en qué tipo de textos aparecen los topoi Adversus Iudaeos y concluyendo que, al menos para el Papa entre el 590 y el 604, el antijudaísmo fue una cuestión estrictamente simbólica.

Palabras clave


Judaísmo; cristianismo; Gregorio Magno; literatura Adversus Iudaeos

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Referencias


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