Sefarad, Vol 70, No 2 (2010)

La posición genealógica del ugarítico: la dimensión léxica. Isoglosas léxicas entre el ugarítico y otras lenguas semíticas. Conclusiones


https://doi.org/10.3989/sefarad.010.009

Leonid Kogan
Russian State University for the Humanities, Federación de Rusia

Resumen


El presente artículo concluye una serie de publicaciones dedicadas al factor léxico en la clasificación genealógica de las lenguas semíticas. En el centro de la discusión están las isoglosas léxicas que reúnen el ugarítico con otras lenguas semíticas no cananeas: el árabe, el arameo y el acadio. En los dos primeros casos, tales isoglosas son poco numerosas, el que prácticamente excluye la posibilidad de una relación genealógica más o menos estrecha entre el ugarítico y el árabe o el arameo. En cambio, las relativamente numerosas coincidencias entre el ugarítico y el acadio parecen remarcables y necesitan una explicación diacrónica. En la sección final del artículo, se reafirma la afiliación cananea de la lengua ugarítica, enfatizando el probable nexo especial entre el ugarítico y el fenicio.

Palabras clave


Isoglosas léxicas; vocabulario básico; ugarítico; árabe; arameo; acadio; hebreo; fenicio; clasificación genealógica del semítico

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